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Saturated and Unsaturated Vapour Pressure

Saturated and Unsaturated Vapour Pressure What is a saturated solution? If in a water sugar solution, the amount of dissolved sugar is equal to the maximum amount that a given amount of water can dissolve at a certain temperature, then that solution is called a saturated solution. What is an unsaturated solution? If in a water sugar solution, the amount of dissolved sugar is less than that amount that a given amount of water can dissolve at a certain temperature, then that solution is called a saturated solution. What is saturated vapour? At a certain temperature in an enclosed space, if the amount of vapour present is equal to the maximum vapour capacity of that space, then that vapour is called saturated vapour. What is unsaturated vapour? At a certain temperature in an enclosed space, if the amount of vapour present is less than the maximum vapour capacity of that space, then that vapour is called unsaturated vapour. What is vapour pressure? Vapour enclosed in a container behaves

Effect of Exercise on Physical Fitness

Effect of Exercise on Physical Fitness

Exercise is essential for physical fitness. Without physical exercise, none can develop physical fitness. People of all ages should take regular exercise systematically and follow the methods of sports training. Many changes take place inside the body due to exercise, which develops physical changes take place inside the body due to exercise, which develop physical fitness. The changes that take place due to exercise are given below -

Heart Muscle 


Develop Strong Cardiac Muscle

Blood circulation increases due to physical exercise or games. As a result, the efficiency of the heart develops. The heart muscle becomes strong. Heart volume increases and becomes disease-free as the efficiency of the heart increases. The heart of this type is called an athletic heart.

Pumping Capacity of Heart Increases

The heart of common people pumps 130 milliliters of blood. Blood circulation increases due to exercise. So pumping capacity of the heart increases. And heart becomes strong, efficient and develops immunity.

Pulse Rate

Pulse rate increases if common people take exercise or do work. It usually takes time to become normal. Tiredness does not disappear easily. On the other hand, the pulse rate of a good player increases and becomes normal faster after he/she takes part in exercise or participate in games and sports. Therefore, players recover faster from fatigue than common people.

Blood Circulation

One takes part in exercise or participate in games and sports to increase blood circulation. So, the efficiency of heart muscle increases more and becomes stronger than that of common people.

Blood Cell

There are three types of blood cells.

  • Red Blood Cells (Erythrocytes)
  • White Blood Cells (Leukocytes)
  • Platelets (Thrombocytes)

Red Blood Cells: The amount of red blood cells in blood is high. The amount of red blood cells in males is about 50,00000 per cubic milliliter of blood and about 45,00000 per cubic milliliter in females. It produces in the bone marrow and damages the spleen after 120 days. The number of red blood cells increases and live long due to the effect of exercise. Red blood cells with the help of hemoglobin supply oxygen to different parts of the body and control body temperature.

White Blood Cells: The amount of white blood cells is less in our body and 6000 - 8000 per milliliter of blood. White blood cells are round, colorless, and with a nucleus. Generally, they live 12 - 13 days. If we take exercise it will live more and the number will also be increased. White blood cells kill germs by surrounding and digesting them. Therefore, physical efficiency becomes strong. 

Platelets: Platelets also known as thrombocytes are disc-like structures that help stop bleeding. They are the smallest form of elements. If a blood vessel is cut, platelets stick to the edges of the cut and to one another, forming a plug within 3 minutes.

Respiration

During taking part in games and sports the rate of respiration increases. As a result of this, oxygen absorption and the removal rate of carbon dioxide increase. The expansion of respiration also increases. Therefore physical efficiency increases.

Muscle

There are different types of muscles in our body. The number of muscle fibers does not increase but as the size of the muscles increases, the tissue becomes thick and strong. So, this improves physical efficiency. Many changes take place due to the effect of exercise that helps in improving physical efficiency.

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