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What is E-commerce?

What is E-commerce? E-commerce (Electronic commerce or EC) is the buying and selling of goods and services or transmitting funds or data over an electronic network, primarily the internet. These business transactions occur either business to business, business to consumer, consumer to consumer, or consumer to business. This thesis is concerned with the impact of electronic commerce on international tax laws, specifically source-based taxation. Before looking specifically at the arguments and propositions to be advanced by the thesis, it is both instructive and necessary, to begin with, a discussion of what is meant by ‘electronic commerce’. Discussions relating to electronic commerce normally begin with a pronouncement that it represents a fundamental and revolutionary development in communications that is likely to dramatically change the way business is conducted. This is usually followed by highly variable, speculative, and often mind-numbing estimates of the expected growth of th

Contributions of Jagadish Chandra Bose

Contributions of Jagadish Chandra Bose Acharya Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose was a renowned physicist, as well as a successful biologist. He was the first internationally recognized scientist of this subcontinent. The forefathers of Jagadishchandra Bose lived at the village of Rarikhal of Bikrampur in Dhaka district. He was born in 1858 in Mymensingh. His father, Bhagaban Chandra Bose, was a deputy magistrate of the Faridpur district. His education started in a rural school in Faridpur. Later he completed his studies at Hare School and Saint Xavier School and College in Kolkata. After passing his B.A. in 1880, he went to England, and from 1880 - 1884 he completed his honors with BA in Physics from Cambridge University and then acquired a B.Sc. degree from London University. Returning to his motherland in 1885, he became a professor of physics in Presidency College. At that time was not enough scopes for research in that colleges, but he continued his research anyway. He was always busy dur

Background of Biophysics

Background of Biophysics Biology tries to understand the diversity of the living world and the process through which living things lead their lives. How do the animals collect food, develop relations with one another, perceive the environment and reproduce all these are the subject matter of biology. On the other hand, the laws followed by the physical world of nature and the simple mathematical explanations of those laws are the subject matter of physics. It may seem that there is no link between the simplicity of physics and the complexity of biology. But with the advancement of science, and depending on its different branches, a relation has been established between biology and physics. This new field has been named biophysics. Biophysics employs the simple and mathematical laws of physics in the complex processes of biology and thus investigates various mysteries of life. Biophysics is the bridge between biology and physics. Biophysics in one way can identify the arrangement of ato


Efficiency Efficiency: The ratio of the amount of work we get from an engine given is its efficiency. Effective Energy: The energy that we get from an engine is its effective energy. What do you mean by 70% efficiency of a pump? 70% efficiency of an engine means 100 J input of energy in the engine yields 70 J efficient energy and the rest of 30 J energy is wasted. Secondary Physics Chapter - 1 :  Physical Quantities and Their Measurements Chapter - 2 :  Motion Chapter - 3 :  Force Chapter - 4 :  Work, Power, and Energy Chapter - 5 :  State of Matter and Pressure Chapter - 6 :  Effect of Heat on Matter Chapter - 7 :  Waves and Sound Chapter - 8 :  Reflection of Light Chapter - 9 :  Refraction of Light Chapter - 10 :  Static Electricity Chapter - 11 :  Current Electricity Chapter - 12 :  Magnetic Effects of Current Chapter - 13 :  Modern Physics and Electronics Chapter - 14 :  Physics to Save Life  

Role of Energy in Development Activities

Role of Energy in Development Activities There is a very close relationship between the development of a country and the use of energy. To speak the truth, energy use may be considered the first parameter to see how developing a country is. We should pay our first attention to education for the development of our country. A lot of students in our country are studying in schools, colleges, and universities. We have to ensure an adequate supply of electricity to run these institutions properly. They need light for studying at night and their studies are hampered if the electricity supply is not ensured. Laboratories are to be used, and computers and networks are kept active for higher education, which has no alternative other than the supply of electricity. Agriculture plays an important role in the economy of our country. As the country is small, the amount of suitable agricultural land is less, and it is further decreasing. Our country has achieved self-sufficiency in food by growing


Work What is work? If because force-displacement happens then the product of force and component of displacement at the direction of force due to force is work. Work is the product of applied force on a body and its displacement along the direction of a force. Unit of work: J (Joule) Dimension of work, [W] = ML 2 T -2 What is Joule? If due to the appliance of one-newton force at the direction of force the application point of force moves 1 meter then it is 1 joule of work. What is positive work? If due to force the application point of force moves along the direction of force or the component of displacement is towards the direction of force then it is said to be work done by force or positive work. What is negative work? If due to force the application point of force moves in the opposite direction of force or the component of displacement is at the opposite direction of force then it is said to be work done on force or negative work.  What do you mean by the work 50 J? The work

Development of Physics

Development of Physics Modern civilization is the product of science. Behind this development of science, there are untiring efforts, discoveries, and innovations of scientists. Science has no national or political boundaries. The growth, development, and benefit of science are enjoyed by all people of all nations. From ancient time scientist have been contributing to the development of science. In this lesson, we will try to mention the contributions of physicists. Thales (624-569 B.C) is famous for his predictions regarding solar eclipse. He also knew about the magnetic properties of loadstone. Pythagoras (527-497 B.C) is a memorable name in the history of science. Besides the invention of several Geometric theorems, he made a longer-lasting contribution through his works on vibrating string. He was given several Geometric theorems. Moreover, he made long-lasting contributions through his works on vibrating strings. The present scales of musical instruments and music are partially th

Scope of Physics

  Scope of Physics Physics is the key to all science. It is the fundamental branch of science because the foundation of other subjects is based on the principles of physics. For example, the principle of conservation of energy is a basic principle of physics used to explain the wide range of science starting from the structure of atoms to weather forecasting. Starting from Engineering to Medical Science, Astronomy to Oceanology, Biology to Psychology the instruments of Physics are used. For the systematic study of physics, we can divide it into the following branches :  (1) Mechanics  (2) Heat and thermodynamics  (3) Sound  (4) Optics  (5) Electricity and Magnetism  (6) Solid State Physics  (7) Atomic Physics  (8) Nuclear Physics  (9) Quantum Physics and  (10) Electronics

Objectives of Physics

Objectives of Physics Physics unearths the mystery of nature:  Physics is the fundamental branch of science because its principles are the basis of other branches of science. For example, the principle of conservation of energy is a principle of physics used to explain the wide range of science starting from the structure of atoms to weather forecasting. Although the main function of physics is to study matter and energy, the main objective of physics is to realize the rules of nature as well as unearthing the mystery of nature. At the beginning of the twentieth century, physicists discovered that electrons revolve around the positively charged nucleus of an atom. Subsequent experiments proved that the nucleus consists of protons and neutrons. Now the physicists have discovered that protons and neutrons are formed of smaller particles. The study of physics helps not only to understand and explain natural events but also its application plays a vital role in other branches of science.

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