The social mould of Education

The social mould of Education

There are other definitions that give a social orientation to the concept of education, according to some thinkers education is a means to achieve larger societal goals as it is a sub-system of the macro-societal system, hence the education of an individual should emphasize his/her orientation to achieve the social goals.

Kautilya: “Education means training for the country and love for the nation”.

John Dewey: “All education proceeds by the participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race”.

The university education commission (1948-49) - “Education should aim the preservation and enrichment of the democratic values of life such as justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity”.

The Kothari commission (1964-66) - “The progress of modernization will be directly related to the pace of educational advancement. And the one sure way to modernize is to spread education to produce educated and skilled citizens and to train an adequate and competent intelligentsia from all strata of society”.

“Challenge of Education: A policy perspective”- “Education as a unique investment in the present and in future”.

International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century, 1996 - ‘The report states that “formal education must therefore provide enough time and opportunity in its programs to introduce the young, from childhood to cooperative undertakings through participation in social activities such as neighborhood renovation, helping the unprivileged, humanitarian work, inter-generational assistance, etc”.

Indira Gandhi's “Education is a liberating force, and in our age it is also a democratization force, cutting across the barriers of caste and class, smoothing out inequalities imposed by birth and other circumstances”.

A. P. J. Abdul Kalam: “Education is one that fosters capacities such as the spirit of inquiry, creativity, entrepreneurial and moral leadership which are central to nation-building in a democracy’’. There are many other definitions that have been proposed for education. Various forms of classification are based on criteria that emerge from these definitions, but none of them come to be a final kind of classification.

However, Redden has tried to find education by putting all views together as, “Education is the deliberate and systematic influence, exerted by the matured person upon the immature through instruction, discipline and harmonious development of physical, intellectual, aesthetic, social and spiritual powers of the human being, according to individual and social needs and directed towards the union of the educand with his/her creator as the final end”.

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