Concept of government | Relationship between state and government

Concept of government

Government is one of the essential elements of a state. No state can be formed without a government. The government runs the state. Government performs three kinds of functions to steer the state. It does legislative, executive and judicial functions. A government has three organs, such as the legislature, executive and judiciary.

The legislature enacts the necessary laws for a country. The executive governs the country by enforcing these laws. Judiciary punishes the guilty and establishes justice in society by freeing innocents. So the government refers to that population that is associated with law making, governance and establishing justice. In a modern democratic state, the people determine the government through an election. The government works as the agent of its people.

Relationship between state and government

In ancient times there was no difference between state and government. Louis, the fourteenth of France, said, 'I am the state'. But in modern times, there are vast differences between a state and a government. These are as follows:

Formation: Population, territory, government and sovereignty - these four elements constitute a state. Government. is one of those elements by which a state is run.

Population: A state consists of all the population in a country. And the government consists of the persons employed in the legislature, executive and judiciary.

Permanence: State is a permanent institution, but the government is temporary and changeable. Change of government occurs due to a people's demands. It also occurs to run the government conveniently. For example, the government of Bangladesh has changed many times but the state remains unchanged.

Nature and characteristics: All the states have the exact nature and characteristics. But the nature and characteristics of government vary from state to state. For example, Bangladesh has the parliamentarian form of government whereas the USA has the presidential form.

Sovereignty: State is sovereign or the possessor of absolute power. Government is the only agent to implement sovereign power.

Concept: State is an abstract. A state can neither be seen nor imagined or felt. But the government is concrete because the persons who comprise the government are visible.

So, despite the differences between state and government, their relations are close. One cannot be imagined without the other. The government is formed only for running the state.

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