What is urbanization?

What is urbanization?

Urbanization is the process through which cities grow, and higher and higher percentages of the population come to live in the city.

As the world’s population is increasing, a rising number of people are moving from rural areas to more urban settings. This global phenomenon is called urbanization — essentially increasing the population of rural areas (an area with 2500 residents or fewer), and turning them into urban areas (a central city, and surrounding areas, with a population exceeding 50,000 people). More than half of the world’s population now lives in urban areas, and this shift in population is driven by a variety of factors.

It is predominantly the process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more people begin living and working in central areas. Although the 2 concepts are sometimes used interchangeably, urbanization should be distinguished from urban growth.

Urbanization refers to the concentration of human populations into discrete areas. This concentration leads to the transformation of land for residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation purposes. It can include densely populated centers, as well as their adjacent periurban or suburban fringes.

What causes urbanization?

Causes of urbanization include Industrial Growth: The explosion of industrialization and manufacturing enterprises within a certain urban area gives rise to more employment opportunities — which is another factor of urbanization. Modernization: New technology upgrades the infrastructure of urban areas.

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