Dalton’s atomic theory

According to Dalton’s atomic theory, all matter, whether an element, a compound, or a mixture is composed of small particles called atoms. The postulates of this theory may be stated as follows:
  • All matter is made of very tiny particles called atoms.
  • Atoms are indivisible particles, which cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction.
  • Atoms of a given element are identical in mass and chemical properties.
  • Atoms of different elements have different masses and chemical properties.
  • Atoms combine in the ratio of small whole numbers to form compounds.
  • The relative number and kinds of atoms are constant in a given compound. 

You will study in the next chapter that all atoms are made up of still smaller particles.

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