Pattachitra means, painting or cloth-Chitra in Sanskrit, is a generalized term used to describe a style and format of painting with origins in Odissa (now Odisha) in west Bengal.
Themes are chiefly on Lord Jagannath and Radha-Krishna, different "Vesas" of Shri Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra, temple activities, the ten incarnations of Vishnu basing on the 'Gita Govinda' of Jayadev, Kama Kujara Navagunjara, Ramayana, Mahabharata.
This art form is believed to have originated as early as the 12th century and is one of the oldest and most famous living art forms. The Pattachitra artists also known as the chitrakars, predominantly made icon paintings based on the Hindu mythology.
It is made up of two words patta and chitra whereas patta means cloth and chitra means painting.