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What is thermometry?

Thermometry The branch of heat relating to the measurement of the temperature of a body is called thermometry. The thermometer is an instrument used to measure the temperature of a body. The essential requisites of a thermometer are given as under:  1) Construction, 2) Calibration, and 3) Sensitiveness. For the construction of a thermometer, the proper choice of a substance, whose physical property varies uniformly with rising in temperature, is essential. 1) Construction The physical property of a substance plays an important role in the construction of a thermometer. In a mercury thermometer, the principle of expansion of mercury with rising temperature is used. The platinum resistance thermometer is based on the principle of the change in resistance with a change in temperature. The gas thermometer is based on the principle of change in volume or pressure with a change in temperature. 2) Calibration  When a thermometer is constructed, it should be properly calibrated. The standa

Kingdom Animalia

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Kingdom Animalia Characteristics: They are eukaryotic and multicellular animals. Their cells do not have nonliving cell walls, plastids, or vacuoles in them. As there are no plastids cells, they are heterotrophs, and so they depend on other organisms for their food. After ingestion, they digest their food. They have advanced and complex tissue systems. Sexual reproduction is their usual way of reproduction. Haploid gametes are usually produced in the reproductive organs of mature and diploid males and females. Embryonic layers are developed at the time of their embryonic development. Examples: The entire invertebrate and vertebrate animals except for protozoan. Thomas Cavlier-Smith from Oxford University divided the kingdom Protista of the living world into two groups, protozoa and chromista, and renamed the kingdom Monera as the Kingdom of Bacteria in 2004. In this way, he grouped the living world into six kingdoms.  You may like What do you mean by hierarchy? Why blue green

Branches of Biology

Branches of Biology When we look around us, we see two types of living things - plants and animals. Based on this, for a long time, biology was divided into two branches - Botany and Zoology. However, the field of biology has expanded so much that it is not enough to confine its study to these two branches only. There are many living beings that are neither plants nor animals, such as bacteria, fungi. The classification is not appropriate when analyzing common characteristics of animals, plants, bacteria, fungi, viruses, etc. So now also biology has been classified into many branches. Considering its aspect, there are also two other divisions of biology - Physical Biology and Applied Biology. Physical Biology In the field of Physical Biology, theoretical concepts are usually discussed. The following subjects are the general fields of its concern. Morphology: This deals with the form and structure of organisms. It is usually divided into two branches - external and internal morpholog

Biotechnology

  Biology Chapter - 14: Biotechnology 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   14.1  Biotechnology 14.2  Tissue Culture 14.3  Genetic engineering Question Bank 14.1  Biotechnology 14.2  Tissue Culture 14.3  Genetic engineering Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Environment of Life

  Biology Chapter - 13: Environment of Life 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   13.1  Ecosystem 13.2  Ecosystem of a pond 13.3  Food Chain 13.4  Food Web 13.5  Biodiversity 13.6  Significance and method of conserving Environment Question Bank 13.1  Ecosystem 13.2  Ecosystem of a pond 13.3  Food Chain 13.4  Food Web 13.5  Biodiversity 13.6  Significance and method of conserving Environment Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Heredity in Organisms and Evolution

  Biology Chapter - 12: Heredity in Organisms and Evolution 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   12.1  Heredity in organism 12.2  Determination of human sex 12.3  Genetic disorder 12.4  Theories on evolution of organisms Question Bank 12.1  Heredity in organism 12.2  Determination of human sex 12.3  Genetic disorder 12.4  Theories on evolution of organisms Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Reproduction in Organism

  Biology Chapter - 11: Reproduction in Organism 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   11.1  Concept of reproduction 11.2  Plant Reproduction 11.3  Animal Reproduction 11.4  Reproduction Related diseases Question Bank 11.1  Concept of reproduction 11.2  Plant Reproduction 11.3  Animal Reproduction 11.4  Reproduction Related diseases Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Co-ordination

  Biology Chapter - 10: Co-ordination 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   10.1  Co-ordination in Plants 10.2  Co-ordination in animals 10.3  Nervous System 10.4  Hormone 10.5  Abnormalities due to Hormone 10.6  Physical disabilities due to nerve disorder 10.7  Influence of tobacco and drugs on co-ordination Question Bank 10.1   10.2   10.3   10.4   10.5   10.6   10.7   Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Firmness and Locomotion

  Biology Chapter - 9: Firmness and Locomotion 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   9.1  Introduction of the human skeleton 9.2  Muscles 9.3  Diseases of Bones Question Bank 9.1  Introduction of the human skeleton 9.2  Muscles 9.3  Diseases of Bones Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Excretory System

  Biology Chapter - 8: Excretory System 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   8.1  Excretory 8.2  Kidney 8.3  Kidney failure, Dialysis, and Kidney transplant Question Bank 8.1  Excretory 8.2  Kidney 8.3  Kidney failure, Dialysis, and Kidney transplant Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Exchanges of Gases

  Biology Chapter - 7: Exchange of Gases 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   7.1  Gas exchanges in plants 7.2  Human Respiratory System 7.3  Diseases of Respiratory System Question Bank 7.1  Gas exchanges in plants 7.2  Human Respiratory System 7.3  Diseases of Respiratory System Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Transport in Organisms

  Biology Chapter - 6: Transport in Organisms 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   6.1  Plant and Water Relationship 6.2  Absorption of Water and mineral salts 6.3  Blood circulation in Human Body 6.4  Structure and function of Heart 6.5  Circulation diseases and their Remedies Question Bank 6.1  Plant and Water Relationship 6.2  Absorption of Water and mineral salts 6.3  Blood circulation in Human Body 6.4  Structure and function of Heart 6.5  Circulation diseases and their Remedies Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  B

Food, Nutrition and Digestion

  Biology Chapter - 5: Food, Nutrition and Digestion 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   5.1  Plant Mineral Nutrition 5.2  Food and Nutrition of Animal 5.3  Vitamin deficiency diseases 5.4  Energy in food ingredients 5.5  Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) and Body Mass Index (BMI) 5.6  Exercise and Rest 5.7  Use of Chemicals in Food Preservation 5.8  Digestion 5.9  Diseases caused by Intestinal Disorder Question Bank 5.1  Plant Mineral Nutrition 5.2  Food and Nutrition of Animal 5.3  Vitamin deficiency diseases 5.4  Energy in food ingredients 5.5  Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) and Body Mass Index (BMI) 5.6  Exercise and Rest 5.7  Use of Chemicals in Food Preservation 5.8  Digestion 5.9  Diseases caused by Intestinal Disorder Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter -

Bioenergetics

  Biology Chapter - 4: Bioenergetics 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   4.1  Bioenergetics and the role of ATP 4.2  Photosynthesis 4.3  Respiration Question Bank 4.1  Bioenergetics and the role of ATP 4.2  Photosynthesis 4.3  Respiration Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Cell Division

  Biology Chapter - 3: Cell Division 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   3.1  Cell Division and its classification 3.2  Mitosis 3.3  Meiosis Question Bank 3.1  Cell Division and its classification 3.2  Mitosis 3.3  Meiosis Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

Cells and Tissues of Organisms

  Biology Chapter - 2: Cells and Tissues of Organisms 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   2.1  Living Cell 2.2  Main Organelles of Plant and Animal Cells and their Functions 2.3  Roles of different cells in the proper functioning of plants and animals 2.4  Organ and System 2.5  Microscope Question Bank 2.1  Living Cell 2.2  Main Organelles of Plant and Animal Cells and their Functions 2.3  Roles of different cells in the proper functioning of plants and animals 2.4  Organ and System 2.5  Microscope Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life C

Lessons on Life

  Biology Chapter - 1: Lessons on Life 👉   All Chapter Contents   👈   1.1  Concept of Biology 1.2  Branches of Biology 1.3  Classification of living beings 1.4  Different steps of Classification 1.5  System of Binomial Nomenclature Question Bank 1.1  Concept of Biology 1.2  Branches of Biology 1.3  Classification of living beings 1.4  Different steps of Classification 1.5  System of Binomial Nomenclature Secondary Biology Chapter - 1 :  Lessons on Life Chapter - 2 :  Cells and Tissues of Organisms Chapter - 3 :  Cell Divison Chapter - 4 :  Bioenergetics Chapter - 5 :  Food, Nutrition and Digestion Chapter - 6 :  Transport in Organisms Chapter - 7 :  Exchange of Gases Chapter - 8 :  Excretory System Chapter - 9 :  Firmness and Locomotion Chapter - 10 :  Co-ordination Chapter - 11 :  Reproduction in Organism Chapter - 12 :  Heredity in Organisms and Evolution Chapter - 13 :  Environment of Life Chapter - 14 :  Biotechnology

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